Reconstruction of the Higher Objective of Islamic Law (Maqasid Shariah) to Strengthen Halal Industry with Special Reference to Halal Environment, Halal Green and Halal Medical Industry in Global Era
The main purpose of this article is to reconstruct the higher objective of Islamic law (Maqasid shariah) by introducing two more essential values of maqasid shariah namely Hifzul Bi’ah (protection of the environment (Hifz al-Bi`ah) and hifz al-sihhah wa daf’ al-marad (preservation of health and protection of disease. In order that maqasid shariah could be played as a tool to fulfill the objective of al-shari`ah namely happiness, peace, prosperity, progress, glory, and fraternity between components of society, especially in the global era, therefore, the principle of maqasid shariah must occupy a very important place in Islamic law with special reference to environmental issues and Islamic medicine since it is the tool to fight harm which threatens the safety of the five essential values of maqasid shariah namely: faith, life, intellect, property and lineage/dignity. In modern globalization, Muslim jurists are being criticized for a static or not dynamic understanding of the higher objective of Islamic law, which makes them lose contact with the changing conditions of contemporary life. In other words, they are unable to relate the higher objective of Islamic law (maqasid shariah) to modern situations. The finding shows that it is an urgent need to regard the preservation/protection of the environment which included the protection of air, water, and mountain; the preservation/protection of health (hifz al-Sihhah) wa daf` al-marad (protection of disease), as an essential element of maqasid al-shari`ah.
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