Improvement of Public Health Through Waste Bank Schematic Design


  • Arief Funna
  • Machfuzah Machfuzah Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Malikussaleh
  • Sofyan Sofyan3 Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Malikussaleh
  • Deassy Siska Physics, Faculty of Education, Universitas Malikussaleh
  • Savira Ersa Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Malikussaleh



public health, waste bank, building design


Abstract: The community health public in Indonesia needs to be improved to elevate the quality of life. The waste bank is an activity of a non-governmental program to maintain environmental health by separating the household waste into organic and non-organic categories. The waste bank is managed using a system such as banking conducted by officers. It was proven that waste bank activity has a positive impact on declining waste volume to improve sanitation. However, waste banks are still carried out in volunteering houses, public service houses, and residential paths. Waste banks have many potencies to support either ecotourism or eco-green planning. This study was performed by waste generation and characterization sampling to determine the required size of the waste bank schematic design. The result shows a schematic design model of the Waste Bank building by researching society’s needs for better environmental health.

Purpose: This research is to design a waste bank based on public health needs

Patients and methods: This study is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used is stratified random sampling, with 98 respondents residing in Lhokseumawe city. Data collection was done by 8 days of sampling.

Results: The results showed that there is no waste bank building that meets the public health building requirements. There is a schematic design to propose.

Conclusion: There is an urgency to have a requirement to waste bank building design to improve sanitation and public health.

Author Biography

Arief Funna

Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Malikussaleh


Mas'Ula N, Siartha IP, Citra IPA. Community Preparedness for Flood Disasters in Pancasari Village, Sukasada District, Buleleng Regency. J Educator Geogr Undiksha [Internet]. 2019;7(3):103–12. Available from:

Muhammad Akmal R. Factors Affecting Disaster Preparedness at the Banda Aceh Hospital. Idea Nurs J. 2012;3(2).

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. Factors Affecting Preparedness in Facing Flood Disasters and their types in Gumukmas District, Jember Regency. J Health Library. 2016;4(3):568–74.

Huriah T, Farida LN. Overview of Community Health Center Nurse Preparedness in Disaster Management at Kasihan I Health Center Bantul Yogyakarta. J Mutiara Med [Internet]. 2010;10(2):128–34. Available from:

Fikri F, Setyawati I, Syahputra H, Munadi K. Development of a Web-Based Disaster Information System in Aceh (Example: Aceh Disaster Data and Information). Semin Nas Inform 2011. 2011;1(UPN “Veteran” Yogyakarta): 108–14.

Hidayati D. Community Preparedness: A New Paradigm in Natural Disaster Management (Community Preparedness: New Paradigm in Natural Disaster Management). J Kependud Indonesia [Internet]. 2008;3(1):69–84. Available from:

Daud R, Sari SA, Milfayetty S, Dirhamsyah M. Application of Disaster Preparedness Training in Improving Knowledge, Attitudes, and Actions of Sma Negeri 5 Banda Aceh Community. Disaster Science. 2014;1(1):26–34.

Astutiningsih et al. Analysis of the level of community preparedness in dealing with flood disasters in Pekanbaru City. Global Heal Science. 2018;3(4):339–45.

Afrianti H. The Relationship of Social Support with Adolescent Preparedness in Facing Floods in Samarinda. 2021;2(2):921–7.

Nindya W. Analysis of the Level of Preparedness for Flood Disasters in the people of Kebun Raja Village, Palembang. 2018;1–26.

Yatnikasari S, Pranoto SH, Agustina F. The Effect of Knowledge and Attitudes on the Preparedness of Family Heads in Facing Flood Disasters. J Tech. 2020;18(2): 135–49.

Bai MKS, Budiana I, Selung SN, Dhoke MFS. Overview of Flood Disaster Preparedness in SMA Negeri 1 Palu students. 2021;2(2):440–7.

The Relationship of Knowledge with Adolescent Preparedness in Facing Floods in Samarinda. Journal of Social Science Educators. 2021;2(2):2011–6.

Dewi E. Knowledge and Attitude of the Pucang Sawit Community Regarding Flood Disaster Preparedness in Pucang Sawit. J Health Science and Technology. 2021;12(1):21–6.

. Bakri H, Arif SK, Amin H. Preparedness of Health Center Health Workers in Flood Disaster Management in Manggala District, Makassar City in 2019. Health Media Health Polytechnic Makassar. 2020;15(1):59.

Kamriana P. Journal of Nursing Media: Makassar Health Polytechnic Journal of Nursing Media: Makassar Health Polytechnic. Overview of the Application of Nursing Care in Typhoid Patients in Fulfilling Nutr Needs at Tk II Hospital Pelamonia. 2017;08(02):39–45.

Murbawan I, Ma'ruf A, Manan A. Household Preparedness in Anticipating Flood Disasters in the Wanggu Watershed (Flood Disaster Study in Lepo-Lepo Village, Kendari City). 2017;3(2):59–69.

Oktayfal JH. The relationship between knowledge and community attitudes with preparedness for flood disasters. J Chem Inf Model. 2013;53(9):1689–99.




How to Cite

Funna, A., Machfuzah , M., Sofyan3, S., Siska, D., & Ersa, S. (2022). Improvement of Public Health Through Waste Bank Schematic Design. Proceedings of Malikussaleh International Conference on Health and Disaster Medicine (MICOHEDMED), 1(1), 171–184.